When you are familiar with the relative pronouns in English, it will be much easier understanding those in French. However, if you cannot recall all the grammar lessons in school, you do not have to worry since the topic is easy to comprehend. People tend to use relative pronouns in their communications hence it will be easier to remember what they were taught in school. To understand the English relative pronouns, you need to know what they are, they include words such as who, which, that, whom and where. Furthermore, the pronouns are used to serve several purposes. For instance, they can be sued to point out clearly or accurately identify the person or thing being referred to. Alternatively, pronouns can be used to supply more information about the person or thing being talked about.
It is worth noting that pronouns can also be used in grammar to connect the dependent clause or relative clause to the main clause and also to replace the subject, direct object, indirect object, or preposition. The French version of relative pronouns are used in the same way as the English ones. The following are the words that serve as relative pronouns in French, they include qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquel, dont and o.
In this section, we will discuss how the French relative pronouns are used. You can use the pronouns Qui and que to refer to persons or things. While qui is used to refer to the subject, que on the other hand, is for the direct object.
For purposes of understanding, lequel serve the same purpose as the English relative pronoun “which” which is used for indirect objects. In most cases, lequel need to follow the prepositions , de or pour and only used when referring to things.
Another example of French relative pronoun is dont. The pronoun refers to whose, of whom, of which when translated to English.
O is a relative pronoun which is used to refer to places and times. The English counterpart of o could either be where, when or even which and that, depending on how it is used. Besides, you can use o as the question word where and the way it is used as an interrogative pronoun is basically the same as its use as a relative pronoun. When using the o relative pronoun it needs to cover both place and time in its relative pronoun function and takes the job of “when” as well, aside from “where”. This article is therefore useful to people who want to understand the French relative pronouns.